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QuerySetManager - easily add new QuerySet methods using a Model inner class

Author:
simon
Posted:
May 1, 2008
Language:
Python
Version:
.96
Tags:
orm manager queryset
Score:
7 (after 9 ratings)

An easy way to add custom methods to the QuerySet used by a Django model. See simonwillison.net/2008/May/1/orm/ for an in-depth explanation.

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from django.db import models

class QuerySetManager(models.Manager):
    def get_query_set(self):
        return self.model.QuerySet(self.model)

# Using it in a model:

from django.db.models.query import QuerySet
import datetime

class Entry(models.Model):
   ...
   objects = QuerySetManager()
   ...
   class QuerySet(QuerySet):
        def on_date(self, date):
            next = date + datetime.timedelta(days = 1)
            return self.filter(
                posted__gt = date,
                posted__lt = next
            )

# Now you can get entries on a specific day like so:
#   Entry.objects.all().on_date(datetime.date.today())

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Comments

dnordberg (on May 6, 2008):

This works for Entry.objects.filter().on_date(date) but not Entry.objects.on_date(date) as some may wish, for this add the following snippet to QuerySetManager.

`

def __getattr__(self, attr, *args):
    try:
        return getattr(self.__class__, attr, *args)
    except AttributeError:
        return getattr(self.get_query_set(), attr, *args)

`

#

exogen (on May 8, 2008):

In response to the above comment, I believe it can simple be written as:

def __getattr__(self, name):
    return getattr(self.get_query_set(), name)

...since the default attribute lookup will check self.class and superclasses.

#

zodiac2832 (on July 28, 2011):

I had to modify my manager to the following so I would not receive Pickle Errors.

# pickling causes recursion errors
_deny_methods = ['__getstate__', '__setstate__', '_db']

def __init__(self, queryset_cls=None):
    self._queryset_cls = queryset_cls
    super(PadManager, self).__init__()

def __getattr__(self, name):
    if name in self._deny_methods:
        raise AttributeError(name)
    return getattr(self.get_query_set(), name)

def get_query_set(self):
    return PadQuerySet(self.model)

#

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