Binding signals to abstract models

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# helperapp\models.py
# -*- coding: UTF-8
from django.db import models
from django.core.cache import cache

class CachedModelManager(models.Manager):
    def contribute_to_class(self, model, name):
        super(CachedModelManager, self).contribute_to_class(model, name)

        setattr(model, 'volatile_cache_keys',
                getattr(model, 'volatile_cache_keys', []))

        setattr(model, 'cache_key', getattr(model, 'cache_key', cache_key))
        setattr(model, 'get_cache', getattr(model, 'get_cache', get_cache))
        setattr(model, 'set_cache', getattr(model, 'set_cache', set_cache))
        setattr(model, 'del_cache', getattr(model, 'del_cache', del_cache))

        self._bind_flush_signal(model)

    def _bind_flush_signal(self, model):
        models.signals.post_save.connect(flush_volatile_keys, model)

def flush_volatile_keys(sender, **kwargs):
    instance = kwargs.pop('instance', False)

    for key in instance.volatile_cache_keys:
        instance.del_cache(key)

def cache_key(instance, key):
    if not instance.pk:
        name = "%s.%s" % (instance._meta.app_label, instance._meta.module_name)
        raise models.ObjectDoesNotExist("Can't generate a cache key for " +
                                        "this instance of '%s' " % name +
                                        "before defining a primary key.")
    else:
        return "%s.%s.%s.%s" % (instance._meta.app_label,
                                instance._meta.module_name,
                                instance.pk, key)

def get_cache(instance, key):
    result = cache.get(instance.cache_key(key))
    return result

def set_cache(instance, key, value, timeout=60*60*24*3):
    result = cache.set(instance.cache_key(key), value, timeout)
    return result

def del_cache(instance, key):
    result = cache.delete(instance.cache_key(key))
    return result



# myapp\models.py
# -*- coding: UTF-8
from django.contrib.auth.models import User
from django.db import models

from helperapp.models import CachedModelManager

class Abstract(models.Model):
    creator = models.ForeignKey(User)

    cache = CachedModelManager()

    class Meta:
        abstract = True


class Community(Abstract):
    members = models.ManyToManyField(User)

    volatile_cache_keys = ['members_list',]

    @property
    def members_list(self):
        result = self.get_cache('members_list')

        if not result:
            result = self.members.all()
            self.set_cache('members_list', result)

        return result

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Comments

tjurewicz (on October 25, 2012):

Django==1.4.1, Python 2.6

I've tried implementing this snippet as is. The first issue I'm having is that I get the following AttributeError:

AttributeError: type object 'Community' has no attribute 'objects'

I think this is happening because you are adding a manager to a model, but not setting the default manager. Can you confirm this is the behavior you see?

#

est (on February 24, 2014):

Could you please make more generic example of connecting signals to abstract model leaving things as simple as possible?

#

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