SelectTimeWidget

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
import re
from django.forms.extras.widgets import SelectDateWidget
from django.forms.widgets import Widget, Select, MultiWidget
from django.utils.safestring import mark_safe

__all__ = ('SelectTimeWidget', 'SplitSelectDateTimeWidget')

# Attempt to match many time formats:
# Example: "12:34:56 P.M."  matches:
# ('12', '34', ':56', '56', 'P.M.', 'P', '.', 'M', '.')
# ('12', '34', ':56', '56', 'P.M.')
# Note that the colon ":" before seconds is optional, but only if seconds are omitted
time_pattern = r'(\d\d?):(\d\d)(:(\d\d))? *([aApP]\.?[mM]\.?)?$'

RE_TIME = re.compile(time_pattern)
# The following are just more readable ways to access re.matched groups:
HOURS = 0
MINUTES = 1
SECONDS = 3
MERIDIEM = 4

class SelectTimeWidget(Widget):
    """
    A Widget that splits time input into <select> elements.
    Allows form to show as 24hr: <hour>:<minute>:<second>, (default)
    or as 12hr: <hour>:<minute>:<second> <am|pm> 
    
    Also allows user-defined increments for minutes/seconds
    """
    hour_field = '%s_hour'
    minute_field = '%s_minute'
    second_field = '%s_second' 
    meridiem_field = '%s_meridiem'
    twelve_hr = False # Default to 24hr.
    
    def __init__(self, attrs=None, hour_step=None, minute_step=None, second_step=None, twelve_hr=False):
        """
        hour_step, minute_step, second_step are optional step values for
        for the range of values for the associated select element
        twelve_hr: If True, forces the output to be in 12-hr format (rather than 24-hr)
        """
        self.attrs = attrs or {}
        
        if twelve_hr:
            self.twelve_hr = True # Do 12hr (rather than 24hr)
            self.meridiem_val = 'a.m.' # Default to Morning (A.M.)
        
        if hour_step and twelve_hr:
            self.hours = range(1,13,hour_step) 
        elif hour_step: # 24hr, with stepping.
            self.hours = range(0,24,hour_step)
        elif twelve_hr: # 12hr, no stepping
            self.hours = range(1,13)
        else: # 24hr, no stepping
            self.hours = range(0,24) 

        if minute_step:
            self.minutes = range(0,60,minute_step)
        else:
            self.minutes = range(0,60)

        if second_step:
            self.seconds = range(0,60,second_step)
        else:
            self.seconds = range(0,60)

    def render(self, name, value, attrs=None):
        try: # try to get time values from a datetime.time object (value)
            hour_val, minute_val, second_val = value.hour, value.minute, value.second
            if self.twelve_hr:
                if hour_val >= 12:
                    self.meridiem_val = 'p.m.'
                else:
                    self.meridiem_val = 'a.m.'
        except AttributeError:
            hour_val = minute_val = second_val = 0
            if isinstance(value, basestring):
                match = RE_TIME.match(value)
                if match:
                    time_groups = match.groups();
                    hour_val = int(time_groups[HOURS]) % 24 # force to range(0-24)
                    minute_val = int(time_groups[MINUTES]) 
                    if time_groups[SECONDS] is None:
                        second_val = 0
                    else:
                        second_val = int(time_groups[SECONDS])
                    
                    # check to see if meridiem was passed in
                    if time_groups[MERIDIEM] is not None:
                        self.meridiem_val = time_groups[MERIDIEM]
                    else: # otherwise, set the meridiem based on the time
                        if self.twelve_hr:
                            if hour_val >= 12:
                                self.meridiem_val = 'p.m.'
                            else:
                                self.meridiem_val = 'a.m.'
                        else:
                            self.meridiem_val = None
                    

        # If we're doing a 12-hr clock, there will be a meridiem value, so make sure the
        # hours get printed correctly
        if self.twelve_hr and self.meridiem_val:
            if self.meridiem_val.lower().startswith('p') and hour_val > 12 and hour_val < 24:
                hour_val = hour_val % 12
        elif hour_val == 0:
            hour_val = 12
            
        output = []
        if 'id' in self.attrs:
            id_ = self.attrs['id']
        else:
            id_ = 'id_%s' % name

        # For times to get displayed correctly, the values MUST be converted to unicode
        # When Select builds a list of options, it checks against Unicode values
        hour_val = u"%.2d" % hour_val
        minute_val = u"%.2d" % minute_val
        second_val = u"%.2d" % second_val

        hour_choices = [("%.2d"%i, "%.2d"%i) for i in self.hours]
        local_attrs = self.build_attrs(id=self.hour_field % id_)
        select_html = Select(choices=hour_choices).render(self.hour_field % name, hour_val, local_attrs)
        output.append(select_html)

        minute_choices = [("%.2d"%i, "%.2d"%i) for i in self.minutes]
        local_attrs['id'] = self.minute_field % id_
        select_html = Select(choices=minute_choices).render(self.minute_field % name, minute_val, local_attrs)
        output.append(select_html)

        second_choices = [("%.2d"%i, "%.2d"%i) for i in self.seconds]
        local_attrs['id'] = self.second_field % id_
        select_html = Select(choices=second_choices).render(self.second_field % name, second_val, local_attrs)
        output.append(select_html)
    
        if self.twelve_hr:
            #  If we were given an initial value, make sure the correct meridiem gets selected.
            if self.meridiem_val is not None and  self.meridiem_val.startswith('p'):
                    meridiem_choices = [('p.m.','p.m.'), ('a.m.','a.m.')]
            else:
                meridiem_choices = [('a.m.','a.m.'), ('p.m.','p.m.')]

            local_attrs['id'] = local_attrs['id'] = self.meridiem_field % id_
            select_html = Select(choices=meridiem_choices).render(self.meridiem_field % name, self.meridiem_val, local_attrs)
            output.append(select_html)

        return mark_safe(u'\n'.join(output))

    def id_for_label(self, id_):
        return '%s_hour' % id_
    id_for_label = classmethod(id_for_label)

    def value_from_datadict(self, data, files, name):
        # if there's not h:m:s data, assume zero:
        h = data.get(self.hour_field % name, 0) # hour
        m = data.get(self.minute_field % name, 0) # minute 
        s = data.get(self.second_field % name, 0) # second

        meridiem = data.get(self.meridiem_field % name, None)

        #NOTE: if meridiem is None, assume 24-hr
        if meridiem is not None:
            if meridiem.lower().startswith('p') and int(h) != 12:
                h = (int(h)+12)%24 
            elif meridiem.lower().startswith('a') and int(h) == 12:
                h = 0
        
        if (int(h) == 0 or h) and m and s:
            return '%s:%s:%s' % (h, m, s)

        return data.get(name, None)

More like this

  1. SplitSelectDateTimeWidget by bradmontgomery 5 years, 5 months ago
  2. Custom model field for mysql time type. by xuqingkuang 4 years, 5 months ago
  3. friendly timer display of seconds like 01:03:34 by alexdong 6 years, 9 months ago
  4. Widget for DateTime values on Geraldo Reports by marinho 5 years ago
  5. Dynamically change admin widgets at runtime by davisd 4 years ago

Comments

mhulse (on June 13, 2011):

I am personally using the code found on Github; there are other forks out there too, just search Google for "SelectDateWidget Django".

Being relatively new to Django, it took me a few to figure out how to get this applied to my model and working right in the admin. For those of you that are in the same boat, here's how I got it working:

Put the widget on your system (I put mine in a widgets folder because I had other widget files) and then create (or add to) forms.py:

from django import forms
from dee.widgets.select_time_widget import * # See __all__.
from app.models import Foo

class FooForm(forms.ModelForm):

class Meta:
    model = Foo

time = forms.TimeField(widget=SelectTimeWidget(twelve_hr=True, use_seconds=False, required=False), required=False, label=u'Time')

And in my admin.py:

from django.contrib import admin
from django.db import models
from app.forms import FooForm
from app.models import Foo

class FooAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin):
    form = FooForm
    # ...

admin.site.register(Foo, FooAdmin)

If you have any inlines, don't forget to add form = GameForm to those also.

I hope that helps someone. :)

BTW, it would be cool if this snippet had an option to change the default a.m./p.m. value (i.e. show p.m. by default would be nice).

#

Skrubly (on December 28, 2011):

Thanks for this widget! I'm using it in conjunction with your SplitSelectDateTimeWidget.

I did notice a bug - I am using 24 hour time and my initial values are for 00:00:00, but it kept rendering as 12:00:00. It seems that on line 106 it will change hour_val to 12 regardless of whether you are using the 12 hour clock. I changed it from:

elif hour_val == 0:

to

elif self.twelve_hr and hour_val == 0:

and that seems to have solved my problem.

I've been learning django for about two months - this snippet has been a great help!

#

dragonx (on March 1, 2012):

Ran into the same issue as Skrubly, I indented lines 106/107 one over to make it work.

#

(Forgotten your password?)